As the official representative body of more than 160 members, not only from South Africa but also from certain SADC Member States such as Namibia; Botswana; Swaziland and Mauritius, AFMA positioned and aligned itself by identifying the business environment that will benefit its members. This is achieved through its liaison and cooperation with various directly affected groups.
AFMA acts on behalf of, and represents, the animal feed industry on various platforms and committees to enhance, protect and ensure the present and future interests of the industry. These activities also include liaison and engagements on all levels, i.e. liaising, workshopping, debating and lobbying with the following primary interest groups:
- The Feed Regulator
- Directly involved government departments and officials
- International Feed Industry Federation (IFIF) and its members
- International agricultural organisations
- Tertiary higher education institutions
- Agricultural research institutes
- Agricultural schools
- Students at universities, technical colleges and related colleges
- Non-AFMA feed manufacturers
- Value chain partners and links in the food and feed value chain
- Premix manufacturers
- Raw materials suppliers
- Equipment manufacturers
- Animal nutritionists
- Veterinary professionals
- Livestock industry organisations and livestock producers
- Broader agricultural organisations and staff
In this process, attention is focused upon:
The feed regulatory environment
- Feed legislation
- Feed regulations
- Feed guidelines
- Related feed and food legislation and regulations
- Accepted international manufacturing practices
- Self-regulation of industry practices
- Third-party auditing of members
The research and technical environment
- Keeping abreast of latest changes and developments
- Codes of practice
- Generally accepted industry standards
- Information gathering and technical monitoring
- Identifying threats and opportunities
The commodity trading environment
- Trade legislation and policies
- Trade agreements
- Import duties
- Commodity trends
- Crop estimates
- Supply and demand estimates
- Industry investigations
- Industry statistics
Communication to members and the wider industry via,
SA National Feed Sales (Tonnes) [TABLE]
Domestic Market Conditions
The period under review literally experienced the flipside of the coin, moving from a number of years of experiencing the El Niño effects as reported during the 2015/16 year to more normal weather and even tending towards La Niña conditions of excellent summer rainfall in most of the grain production areas, giving way to significant increases in grains and oilseed production.
Although all crops have seen notable increased production from 2016 onwards, maize and soybean harvests reached record levels. White and yellow maize production reached levels of 9.92 million and 6.90 million tons, respectively. In total, producing a record level of 16.82 million tons, from 7.78 million tons in 2016, and well above an average total production of 12.5 million tons. Soybean production is estimated at 1.31 million tons, which is an 81% annual increase, while Sunflower seed production increased to 874 000 tons, an 16% increase.
Consequently, prices moved to export parity levels and South African maize prices aligned with low global price trends. The white maize surplus has required deep sea exports to assist in moving some of the surplus. The result has been a drop of white maize prices to below yellow maize prices since March 2017.
SOUTH AFRICAN MAIZE PRODUCTION (TONNES)
Source: South Africa AFMA
SOUTH AFRICAN SOY, SUNFLOWER & SORGHUM PRODUCTION (TONNES)
Source: South Africa AFMA
South Africa’s Grain Trade
South Africa’s cereal exports increased by 19% from US$ 488 million in 2016 to US$ 580 million in 2017. Maize exports increased by 28% from US$ 330 million in 2016 to US$ 580 million in 2017. The bulk of the exports was destined for southern African countries with the largest importer being Kenya.
SOUTH AFRICAN IMPORTS OF SOY, SUNFLOWER & SOURGHUM (TONNES)
Source: South Africa AFMA
Following the record maize crop of 16.8 million tons for the 2017/18 marketing season, exports of maize to Asian countries such as Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan increased from US$ 10.7 million in 2016 to US$ 180 million in 2017.
Wheat exports, mainly to neighbouring countries increased from US$ 20 million in 2016 to US$ 31 million in 2017 but is still below the five-year average of US$ 55 million. It was estimated that exports will decline even further with only 70 000 tons of wheat predicted for exports during the 2017/18 season. Following the drought that was experienced in the Western Cape, projections are that South Africa will need to import 1.93 million tons in the 2017/18 marketing season to meet domestic requirements.
South Africa’s Oilseed Trade
Imports of oilseeds decreased from US$ 285 million in 2016 to US$ 135 million in 2017, a decrease of 52%. The main decrease was in imports of soya beans, down from US$ 113 million in 2016 to US$ 9 million in 2017, making up 69% of the total decrease in imports. This was due to increased soya bean production that saw the first one-million-ton mark, passed in the 2016/17 production season.
SOUTH AFRICAN MAIZE TRADE (TONNES)
Source: South Africa AFMA
South Africa’s Animal Feed and Raw Materials
The value of imported animal feed raw materials decreased by 23%, from US$ 473 million in 2016 to US$ 412 million in 2017. Overall, the trade balance remained negative.
Soy oilcake remained a major import component of animal feed raw materials, accounting for 53% of the tonnage (553 000 tons) and 45% of the value at US$ 188 million of imports during 2017. Argentina remains the primary source of soybean oilcake for South Africa.
Sunflower oilcake makes up a relatively smaller share of total animal feed and raw material imports, accounting for 3.6% of volumes (37 975 tons), and 1.7% of value (US$ 7 million) in 2017. Between 2016 and 2017, sunflower oilcake imports decreased by 60 % by volume and 50% by value. Argentina remains the main source of sunflower oil cake for South Africa.
Technical & Regulatory
Animal Feed Forum (AFF)
AFMA is one of the key and strategic stakeholders and partners of Government regarding Regulatory Affairs.
Five official liaison meetings were held between AFMA and the Directorate of Agricultural Inputs Control (D:AIC) this year, with primary focus on the draft Feeds and Pet Food Bill and farm feed registrations. The reporting period kicked off amidst a regressing registration status of eight months (compared to four months) for a new registration approval.
With the appointment of one technical advisor and two assistant technical advisors at the AIC Farm Feeds division at the beginning of the reporting period, the full technical staff compliment was increased to five people – the largest recorded in more than 10 years.
It is expected that the new officials will require some time to become fully skilled in the technical assessment of all types of farm feed and registration services; an immediate improvement to the registration backlog is, therefore, not expected. By the end of the reporting year, and after a rigorous training phase, the tempo and efficiency of technical assessment at AIC has increased measurably. It is expected that the registration backlog will be visibly reduced in the coming year. The improvement is, however, dependent on sufficient administrative support staff being available to receive, record and finalise documentation associated with registration applications.
Unfortunately, two vacant administration positions within the Farm Feeds section will not be filled due to budget cuts. The Registrar will be forced to improve administrative efficiencies across sections within the Inputs Control Division if service delivery is to be improved in the coming year.
AFMA continued to actively participate in the Registration Working Group, together with representatives from the PFI, in reporting on accurate and reliable farm feed registration statistics. Feedback on progress throughout the year is provided to AFMA members at the quarterly Regulatory Committee meetings.
Remaining actions from the previous year’s Intervention Task Team (ITT) were put on hold to avail capacity at the Registrars’ office for the feeds and pet food bill actions. The Bill required substantial additional input for successful submission to Cabinet.
The first two priorities of the ITT action list were implemented successfully. This included:
- The fast-tracking of recruitment of technical staff at AIC; and the rejection principle for “on-hold” applications.
- The ITT commitment to re-assessing the remaining priorities for intervention on an ongoing basis and making recommendations to the Registrar, based on the balance of impact of any one action on the current situation. The intent is to reduce the regulatory burden without increasing risk, and to adjust the high demand for pre-market registration approval to something more in-line with the current service provision capacity.
Other matters addressed at the AFF included the Feeds and Pet Food Bill; the amendment to the farm feed regulations; the revision of the registration guidelines; good manufacturing practice standards at facilities and rendering plant operations and licensing.
Act 36 Regulations and Guidelines
The amendment to the farm feed regulations was not published during the reporting 16 Chairman’s Report 2017/2018 year. The amendment has now taken more than two years to be processed and signed off by the Minister of Agriculture for public comment. The new regulation on undesirable substances has been similarly delayed and is yet to be published for public comment. The AFMA Technical Committee will provide widely consulted comments on the proposed regulation of carry-over of active substances and mycotoxin contamination levels in animal feed once it is published; thereby further increasing its influence in the sphere of agricultural sector legislation.
Feeds and Pet Food Bill
A final draft Bill was submitted to the Minister towards the end of 2017, marking the start of the modernisation of feed law in South Africa. The Bill is based on the principles and objectives of ensuring ‘safe feed for safe food’ and is inclusive of all agricultural inputs within the food chain.
For all new proposed legislation, the government is required to complete and submit a socio-economic impact assessment study (SEIAS). The study was done by the Registrars’ office and a phase two report was submitted for approval to the Monitoring and Evaluation Department at Treasury. During the reporting period many man-hours were spent between DAFF and Treasury to review, correct and assess the SEIAS, which is expected to be certified before the end of 2018.
Once the SEIAS is approved, a certificate will be issued, and the Bill can be progressed to the Cabinet and published for public comment. The Registrar has committed to a public consultation process once the Bill is published. AFMA will continue its active participation and support of this process throughout the next period.
Feed Safety Forum (FSF)
Five Feed Safety Forum liaison meetings between AFMA and the Directorate of Animal Health and Veterinary Public Health (VPH) were held during the year. Matters pertaining to the import, export and traceability of processed animal proteins were addressed on a regular basis in this Forum, as well as exemption for the use of ruminant blood meal in poultry feeds, ZA number approvals, and permits and health certificates. Feedback on FSF actions throughout the year is provided to AFMA members at the quarterly Regulatory Committee meetings.
For AFMA members a particular focus is placed on the exemption for the use of ruminant blood meal in poultry feed. This will enable feed manufacturers, which meet the traceability and control measures as outlined in the VPN, to include blood meal in their poultry formulations under controlled conditions.
The Director of Animal Health initiated a working group to develop the VPN and assist in its implementation. During this reporting period the working group visited all three Chairman’s Report 2017/2018 17 pilot sites (abattoir, rendering plant & feed mill) with independent auditors. The audit checklist and traceability reconciliation procedures were revised, application forms designed and the VPN requirements for traceability were also revised.
Towards the end of this period, the working group will invite provincial state veterinarians to test the requirements and ease of use of the VPN by doing facility inspections at each of the three facilities. Implementation of the VPN will be concluded once the Director of Animal Health is satisfied that the traceability process and participating facilities are managed properly by the responsible parties.
Inspection Compliance Forum (ICF)
The Inspection Compliance Forum (ICF) convenes quarterly and provides a platform to discuss general trends of non-compliance across all agricultural input control disciplines. AFMA, PFI, RSA, FERTASA & AVCASA are members of the ICF.
Illegal importation of unregistered pesticides and other agricultural remedies during the reporting period remain a concern. The illegal repackaging of farm feed, pet food and fertiliser, as well as the decanting of agricultural remedies into smaller containers, were also identified as a concern on the ICF agenda this year.
For the coming year, facility requirements for licensing and registration under the new Feeds Bill will receive focus and are expected to be based on Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) standards. Industry self-regulation systems can also contribute to improved risk assessment and more efficient identification of risk areas.
The Act 36 inspectorate, together with AFMA and other industry stakeholders, will actively participate in the SABS Scientific Committee discussions about GMP standards for feed manufacturing facilities.
AFMA Code of Conduct
The AFMA Code of Conduct (COC) entered its tenth year of existence in 2018, with more than 30 facilities being audited against the COC. The revision of the code of conduct processes and requirements was approved as a project at the previous AGM and commenced during 2017. A consultant was appointed to compile an updated audit checklist and revised code of conduct process manual. The updated audit requirements are based on the FSSC 22000 and to be benchmarked against the GMP and Feed Scope of the retail sectors’ global supplier requirements.
The revised AFMA Code of Conduct audit system will be relaunched as the ‘Code of Conduct Plus’ in the coming year. The audit criteria for the various types of manufacturing facilities have been workshopped and accepted by an AFMA Technical sub-committee during the reporting period. An audit scoring system is being finalised and is to be trialled during the phase-in period early next year.
The outcome of the project will enable AFMA to appoint more than one approved, independent auditor for the Code of Conduct Plus facility audits and aligning the requirements with those of facility licensing under the new Feeds and Pet Food Bill. The unique, self-regulating mechanism ensures a high level of compliance by all AFMA members to feed regulatory and safety measures.
AFMA Feed Registration Service (FRS)
The feed registration service of AFMA was terminated as of 30 June 2018, after three years of registration service to AFMA members. A total of 42 clients and approximately 1 600 registration submissions were handled by the FRS, but it was not sufficient to make the project financially sustainable. Lack of additional assistance with technical evaluation and compilation of registration application dossiers, prevented further growth in the FRS. The registration administrator position was subsequently also declared redundant due to the termination of the service. AFMA will remain involved in the registration status working group of Act 36 in the coming year to keep abreast of developments in farm feed registrations and to monitor and report on progress made within D:AIC.
Genetically modified organisms (GMOs)
The registration of GMO events in traditional maize exporting countries (Argentina, Brazil and the USA) is constantly monitored by SACOTA in order to prevent the situation that existed following the drought of 2015/16 when certain events were not registered in South Africa for commodity clearance purposes. South Africa is currently in sync with the traditional maize exporting countries.
There is currently good co-operation between AFMA, SACOTA and the local seed companies regarding timeous applications of new GMO events for commodity clearance.
Maize export programme
An all-time record maize harvest of 16.820 million tons was realised for the 2016/17 maize production season. The Supply and Demand Estimates Committee (S&DEC) of the National Agricultural Marketing Council projected total maize exports for the 2017/18 marketing season of 2.245 million tons (white maize: 765 000 tons and yellow maize: 1 480 000 tons). According to SAGIS (South African Grain Information System) 2 288 834 tons were exported during 2017/18.
For the 2017/18 production season the total maize crop is estimated at above 13 million tons. According to the S&DEC, at a stock-to-use ratio of 45 days, there is a potential of 4.3 million tons being available for exports during the 2018/19 marketing season.
Currently Iran, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, South Korea, Spain, Taiwan, Vietnam and Venezuela are open for exports of South African maize. Other countries that are currently being focused on as potential export markets for yellow maize are Middle East countries, due to South Africa’s freight cost advantage when compared to traditional exporting countries like Argentina, Brazil and the USA.
The biggest challenge for South African regulators and the industry is to open new potential markets for the export of South African GMO maize. In this regard, the South African Cereals and Oilseeds Trade Association (SACOTA) and its members are in close contact with the office of the GMO Registrar to address this matter. The Maize Forum Steering Committee approved a request from SACOTA to fund visits by an industry expert accompanied by an officer of the GMO Registrar’s office to identified countries to obtain authorisation from their competent authorities for imports of South African GMO maize.
There is a difference of opinion between SACOTA and DAFF regarding the provisions of the GMO Act and the implementation of the Act’s regulations, as well as a difference of opinion on the interpretation of the Cartagena Protocol. SACOTA subsequently decided to obtain legal opinion on the GMO Act, its regulations as well as on the interpretation of the Cartagena Protocol. The legal opinion was presented to DAFF and feedback is being awaited on the process going forward.
Without opening new export markets, South Africa will carry over maize surpluses into the 2018/19 marketing year, complicating matters even further. Opening the target markets, combined with the smaller crop expected for the 2018/19 marketing year, could have a positive spin-off for producers.
NAMC: Statutory reporting of imports and exports
The current statutory measure applicable to maize weekly imports and exports was amended on 18 May 2018 to compel importers and exporters to keep records of intended maize imports and exports and to submit returns in this regard to SAGIS (South African Grain Information Service).
In the case of imports, the quantity of maize to be imported is to be declared eight weeks prior to the date on which the vessel transporting the maize to be imported is expected to arrive in South Africa; and in the case of exports, the quantity of maize to be exported is to be declared eight weeks prior to the date on which the vessel transporting the maize to be exported is expected to depart from South Africa.
The first report on the intended imports and exports of maize was published on 28 June 2018 by SAGIS. Subsequent reports will be published on Thursdays by 12:00.
Legal opinion on mycotoxins and pesticide residues
SACOTA has obtained a legal opinion on the Liability Regarding Prescribed Levels of Mycotoxins and Pesticide Residues.
The conclusion of the legal opinion is that SACOTA members may be held criminally liable for contravention of the Foodstuffs, Cosmetics and Disinfectants Act if mycotoxin and pesticide residues exceed the prescribed tolerances found in the products that they sell.
The recommendation is that SACOTA members require the silos and other persons they purchase from to provide guarantees that fully comply with the requirements of the Foodstuffs, Cosmetic and Disinfectant Act. In turn, those persons should require the same from the producers or other persons they purchase from, in order to ensure compliance to the law by each link within the value chain.
The matter was discussed at a meeting of the Maize Forum Steering Committee on 1 September 2017. It was decided that industry role-players are to discuss and find solutions to the current risk associated with mycotoxin and pesticide residues in maize. It was also decided that AFMA as end-user should take the lead in addressing these matters.
A sub-committee of the AFMA Technical Committee is currently looking at maximum guideline levels for mycotoxins for raw materials destined for the manufacturing of animal feeds. Once this process has been finalised, AFMA will address the risks associated with mycotoxins through the Trade Group of the Maize Forum Steering Committee.
AFMA Transport Protocol
There are currently 18 transport providers that comply with the AFMA Transport Protocol. A list of compliant transport companies is available on AFMA’s website.
Leaf Services has been appointed by the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF) as an assignee to inspect local grains and grain products derived therefrom as well as imported grains.
AFMA has convinced the DAFF that the manufacturing of animal feeds is governed by the Fertilisers, Farm Feeds, Agricultural Remedies and Stock Remedies Act and requested that AFMA members be exempted from inspections by Leaf Services. DAFF has provided special dispensation to AFMA and animal feed manufacturers exempting them from inspection of grains, oilseeds and grain products destined for the manufacturing of animal feeds.
Dispute resolution process
A document has been drafted by SACOTA and AFMA setting out a standardised dispute resolution process for use when grain is out loaded by the silo owner which does not conform to contracted quality specifications. Agbiz Grain has been requested to comment on the document. Agbiz Grain has forwarded the draft document to the Grain Handling Organisation of Southern Africa (GOSA) for comment.
Standardised handling and storage contract for grains and oilseeds
The SAGOS-contract (Contract for the Purchase and Sale of Grain, Pulses and Oilseeds and its by-products) has been developed by the grains and oilseeds industries as a standardised contract for the trading of grains and oilseeds in South Africa.
The contract is fair and impartial to both parties entering into a buyer’s and seller’s contract, making use of standardised trade terms and conditions. More importantly, the contract includes a clause relating to disputes and dispute resolution as well as the rules that will apply. Any disputes arising from the use of the SAGOS contract are currently administrated by AFSA (Arbitration Foundation of SA). The SAGOS-contract is currently the operative contract in the trading of grains and oilseeds.
During 2014, SACOTA requested that Agbiz Grain (previously Grain Silo Industry) discuss the merits of a standardised handling and storage contract for grains and oilseeds to be introduced to the industry. It was proposed that once the terms and conditions of the contract were agreed and finalised, that the contract should also be introduced as a formal SAGOS-type contract under the custodianship of SAGAS (as is currently the case with the trading and the transport contract).
Agbiz Grain subsequently indicated that they would entertain such a proposal and requested SACOTA to develop a draft contract in this regard. The final draft was submitted to Agbiz Grain on 22 August 2016 for comments.
Agbiz Grain responded that the standardised document regarding handling and storage was circulated amongst Agbiz Grain members in 2016, but members’ feedback indicated that:
- The Agbiz Grain members felt that they had their own individual requirements; and
- Therefore, preferred their own customised documentation for handling and storage.
SACOTA has again engaged with Agbiz Grain on the introduction of a standardised handling and storage contract. Agbiz Grain gave the undertaking that it will again engage with its members in this regard. Feedback is awaited.
Soya oilcake import duty review
One of the recommendations of the poultry sector task team is that cheaper feed is made available for the poultry industry in order to make the industry more competitive. The import duty on soya oilcake was identified as one of the options to be addressed for cheaper inputs for poultry feed. This matter was discussed at several meetings of the Trade Committee and it was decided that not only the import duty on soya oilcake, but also the import duties on soya beans, sunflower seed and sunflower seed oilcake, should be abolished. AFMA will be taking the lead in addressing this matter, but it will be with the cooperation of a party such as SAPA.
SAFEX Soya Meal and Sunflower Oilcake Contract
A meeting took place on 8 February 2018 between AFMA, the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) and Oil Crushers where the following matters and recommendations emerged. It was decided that:
- The listing of SAFEX contract for soya meal and sunflower oilcake needs to be investigated.
- AFMA was tasked to propose minimum quality specifications for physical delivery on SAFEX.
- The crushers were requested to make recommendations on storage for physical deliveries.
- An independent laboratory needed to be commissioned to adjudicate quality disputes.
- Crushing plants that register for physical delivery will be at the same reference value.
- Discussions will be conducted with the JSE to assess if the contracts be settled with cash.
AFMA and oilseeds crushers subsequently met on 18 July 2018 and the minimum quality specifications for soya meal and sunflower oilcake for physical delivery on SAFEX futures contracts were agreed on.
JSE Securities Exchange matters
The JSE has launched a web-based system where loading constraints being experienced at silos can be listed. Any owner of stock in silos can also report such information to the JSE. This measure is currently only applicable to SAFEX certificates.
After receiving objections from the market concerning registration of storage locations during a marketing season, it was decided to introduce a fixed registration period for storage locations of two months prior to the start of a marketing season.
The JSE has met with the Financial Services Board (FSB) to investigate the introduction of a Commitment of Traders report similar to the report published by the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC). There was support from both parties for additional information (JSE clients are obliged to report their “reporting position”) and to improve transparency. The FSB will provide the regulatory framework for this process, whilst the JSE will assist in collecting and publishing of the information. The JSE is currently awaiting feedback from the FSB.
Maize grading regulations
A meeting arranged by Agbiz Grain took place on 18 April 2018 to discuss proposed changes to the yellow maize grading regulations. The proposal was that the maximum permissible deviations of defective kernels (above and below the sieve) for yellow maize be combined to only below the sieve as is the case of white maize. This proposal was not accepted by the meeting.
A meeting of the Trade Group of the MFSC will be organised to specifically address the definition of defective kernels in the maize grading regulations, maximum levels for mycotoxin as well as poisonous seeds.
Southern African Feed Manufacturers Association (SAFMA)
The Tanzanian Feed Manufacturers Association (TAFMA) has now been functioning for over four years since it was revived during March 2014. TAFMA currently has 35 members and the Association is progressing well. It is AFMA’s viewpoint that the TAFMA blueprint be used to establish feed manufacturers associations in other SADC countries. A launch meeting has been set for 26 September 2018 with Zambian feed manufacturers where AFMA will make a presentation on the benefits of a feed industry association and the success story of TAFMA.
AFMA has decided to make a copy of the web-based feed sales system available to TAFMA. The hosting of the feed sales system needs to be addressed before the system can be delivered to TAFMA. AFMA will also provide training to the TAFMA secretariat on the use of the system.
Skills Development and Training
Feed Miller Qualification
The Feed Miller Qualification developed by AFMA was submitted by the QCTO (Quality Council for Trades and Occupations to SAQA (South African Qualifications Authority) and approved by the SAQA Quality Council at their meeting of 14 June 2018. The qualification has received final approval at the SAQA Board meeting held on 26 July 2018.
Assessment Quality Partner (AQP)
AFMA is in the process of establishing the AQP function and will shortly apply for recognition to the QCTO. AFMA, as AQP will be responsible for the total assessment function, including developing assessment instruments, maintaining a database of learners, statement of results, and other functions. A Feed Milling AQP Quality Management System has been developed and includes a quality management system governance policy and assessment policy, assessment procedures and standard documentation.
The service provider appointed by AFMA has been requested by the QCTO to use the AFMA AQP model as a blueprint to develop an AQP standardised document to be prescribed by the QCTO to other AQP’s.
Research and capacity building project
AFMA applied for funding from the AgriSETA to conduct research and capacity building related to the implementation of a learning model that integrates the delivery of learning between an industry, an established training and development academy, feed milling technical experts, feed milling workplaces and AFMA by means of an e-learning system.
The project specifically aims to achieve the following:
- Clarifying and defining the roles of all stakeholders in the delivery of the occupational qualification.
- Identifying capacity building needs aligned with specific roles and establish resources required to address these and developing the capacity of the various stakeholders in the delivery of the learning programme.
- Identifying, packaging and sequencing specific learning modules that are aligned with the components of an appropriate occupational curriculum. Refining and aligning current learning and assessment resources to the delivery design.
- Establishing an e-learning platform that will allow for the flexible delivery of learning, respond to the dynamics of a work-based learning approach, and meet the requirements of the QCTO quality assurance model.
- Having an e-platform platform that is used to address learner administration, management and reporting requirements of all stakeholders. AFMA is awaiting feedback from the AgriSETA on the funding application.
For more information please visit: www.afma.co.za.